Below is a list of some of the most common diseases affecting the kidneys.

Chronic Kidney Disease
The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease. The term “chronic kidney disease” means lasting damage to the kidneys that can get worse over time. If the damage is very bad, your kidneys may stop working. This is called kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to live.

Diabetes is also a major cause of chronic kidney disease. Diabetes is a group of diseases that causes high blood sugar.

Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are another common kidney problem. They occur when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, forming solid masses (stones).

Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomeruli. Glomeruli are extremely small structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood.

Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts (small sacs of fluid) to grow in the kidneys.

Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system.